CROSS-LOCAL climbs are considered the purest form of the sport. Rock climbing, also known as cave climbing, involves climbing a single, steep wall without passing through safety-netting systems. Rock climbers can choose to climb indoors or outdoors. CROSS-LOCAL climbs are very challenging. This type of climbing is less strenuous than other kinds of rock climbing because the grades are typically higher.
Rope climbing is a type of climbing in which the climber makes use of ropes or webbing to tie into a climbing pit, or brambles, and to help him climb up the rocks. Climbers make use of ladders made from rope to assist them ascend steep rock faces. Ladders made from nylon or leather can be swung as well as dragging. Some climbers even use hand holds or anchors made from rope, webbing, or a combination of materials.
Bouldering is a popular form of climbing where the climber makes use of various types of pads or spheres to balance on top of a large boulder. To be able to boulder, a climber must be able to free solo. Free solo means that the climber is not dependent on anyone else to help him climb or support him when he is climbing alone. Some boulders contain natural features like water, making it very difficult to scale without a partner. Many rock climbing routes include numerous handholds and bolts that could potentially be lost if the climber is not careful enough while going up or down the rock face.
ROUGH RAPE is an extreme version of the sport climbing. It is the most dangerous and demanding version of the sport. Rock route are typically long and gradual, allowing the climber to travel a long distance upward. A rough route may include multiple falls, narrow passes, and gradual climbs. Rock climbers may use climbing gear, such as protection for their body, an anchor, ropes, Descenders, harnesses, belay devices, and other items to assist them in climbing the rock face.
STANDARD ROUTE is an ideal type of route used by outdoor enthusiasts. The type of rock climbing performed in this case will not require the use of additional gear. It also involves the frequent use of gears that are normally found outside. Rock climbers may choose steep outdoor routes or smooth indoor routes. This sport is suitable for all ages and skill level.
GROUND CLIMBING is one of the most popular kinds of climbing. The routes of big wall climbing are set up in regions with thick permanent cliffs. The climbers usually start at different heights and work their way up to the big wall by following marked trails.
CLIMBING GUIDE is a special kind of guide in which the climbers follow a path marked out by a guide, who uses various gadgets to show the best way to reach a destination. These climbers wear harnesses that are equipped with protection for the body, such as protection from falling boulders. The other feature of a guide is that it helps a climber gain the right skills for climbing without the need for professional help. However, free soloing is not a compulsory requirement of a guide and it is preferred by many people.
Every sport has its own pros and cons, but there are some types of rock climbing that are very common. Rock climbing can be broadly classified into two: aid climbing and free climbing. In an aid climbing session, all the gear is provided by the instructor, so there is no need for a lot of equipment. On the other hand, in free climbing, the climber makes use of all the gear he has brought with him. The equipment consists mainly of: rope, webbing, harness, belay devices, anchors, and belay devices.